Some and any

                                                                

 

SOME                              ANY

 

1-SOME (birkaç, biraz) : Sadece olumlu cümlelerde  ve

 teklif – ikram-istek  ifade eden

(would / / could / may / can /shall gibi)

soru cümlelerinde kullanılır.

 

 “SOME”  kelimesi hem çoğul sayılabilen isimlerden,

 hem de sayılamayan isimlerden önce kullanılır.

Ayrıca isim getirilmeden de kullanılabilir.

Tablo :

Some + çoğul sayılabilen isim  (birkaç)

Olumlu cümle

Some  + sayılamayan isim         (biraz)

Olumlu cümle

Would/could/may/can  +  some

Soru cümlesi – (ikram –nazikçe istek –teklif)

Examples

▫ There is some coffee on the table. 

(Masanın üntünde biraz kahve var.)

Would you like some milk? 

(Biraz süt ister misiniz?)

Can I have some water?

   (Biraz su alabilir miyim?)

▫ We’ve got some lemons.  Ançak   “some lemon”  şeklinde olmaz

 çünkü çoğul değil.Some kelimesi çoğul olan sayılabilen isimlerden önce gelir

Examples:

▫ We’ve got some coke. 

▫ I need some pencils. ~  There are some in the shelf.

▫ We need some eggs to make a cake.    

 ▫ We have got some water.

▫ She’s got some jam in the fridge.      

▫ There are some nice shops in the Trabzon Street.

▫ I’m going to buy some clothes.              

 ▫ We had some fun when we went to lunapark

▫ I will have some news next week.          

▫ She has some valuable books in her house.

▫ Philip wants some help with his exams.

 ▫ We need some cheese if we want to make a fondue.   

▫ Is there any sugar? ~ Yes, there is some.

(Hiç şeker var mı? ~ Evet biraz.)

 

▫ A: Would you like some coffee?

  B: Yes, please.

▫ A: Can I have some soup, please?

  B: Yes, Help yourself.

▫ A: Can you lend me some Money? (Biraz ödünç para verebilir misiniz?)

  B: Sure.How much do you need?   (Tabiî ki. Ne kadar ihtiyaçınız var?)

▫ Ayşe: Shall we make some cake?

 Fatma: Of course. But, We need some sugar, some flour, some eggs, some butter and some milk.

▫ Could I have some books, please?                     ▫ Would you like some books ?

▫ Would you like some help?                    

 

2- ANY (hiç) : Olumsuz cümlelerde ve soru cümlelernde kullanılır.

Hem çoğul sayılabilen isimlerden hem de sayılamayan isimlerden önce kullanılır.

 

Any  + çoğul sayılabilen isim

Soru cümlesi – Olumsuz cümle

Any  + sayılamayan isim

Soru cümlesi – Olumsuz cümle

Examples:

▫ There isn’t any orange juice in the fridge.    

Is there any ice in the fridge?

▫ We didn’t do any exercises.                           

Has he got any frinds?

▫ Why didn’t you buy any food?                       

 ▫ Is there any meat at home?

▫ Do you have any money left?                         

▫ Is there any truth in what you are saying?

▫ We haven’t got any eggs.                                

▫ Have we got any milk?

  There isn’t any reason to complain.               

  No, thank you.I don’t any more cake.

  Do you have any new friends in London?    

   Have you got any children?


Mixed Examples:Karışık Örnekler

▫ I bought some honey  but I didn’t buy any milk.

  We have some kiwis  but we haven’t any carrots.

  I have some tea, but I don’t have any sugar. 

▫ I didn’t take any photographs but Tom took some.

( Ben hiç resim çekmedim ama Tom birkaç tane çekti.)

▫ You can have some coffee but I don’t want any. (= any coffee)

▫ I’ve just made some green tea. Would you like some?  (= some gren tea)

▫ Where’s your luggage? ~ I haven’t got any.  (= any luggage)

 

By    İsmail PAKSOY

     English Language Teacher

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